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Booker T. Washington National Monument

12130 Booker T. Washington Highway


The Civil War interrupted the routine on the Burroughs farm, when all of the sons left to fight for the Confederacy. James Burroughs, the father and master of the farm died in 1861, leaving the supervision of daily farm activities to the Burroughs women. Shortages of luxury goods and certain food items were common during the war years. Washington recalled that the white people suffered from the lack of products they were accustomed to. However, the war did more than create shortages and hard economic times. Only two of the Burroughs sons survived the war physically unscathed.

With the southern defeat in 1865, the Emancipation Proclamation issued in 1863 was enforced to free southern slaves. Washington remembered listening to a Union soldier read the document on the porch of the Burroughs house. After receiving the joyous news, his mother Jane took her three children to West Virginia to be reunited with her husband who worked there in the salt mines.

The southern economy suffered tremendously after the war and the Burroughs were not spared from economic and social turmoil. The emancipation of the slaves reduced the Burroughs family's net worth by one half. Post-war land values also plummeted. Since none of the children desired to farm the Franklin County property, Elizabeth Burroughs, James' widow, unsuccessfully attempted to rent or sell it for several years. In 1893, the family sold the property to John Robertson and his family.


paula cooley

Thursday, April 19, 2018
I'm a volunteer and member of the Friends group. If you're looking for authentic, historic, quiet natural beauty, this Is the place. The actual birthplace of Booker T Washington. Free admission. Short intro movie, self tour, exhibit, farm animals, walking trails, heritage garden, historic structures, lively stream and creek, etc. Friendly staff, picnic area for lunch. Come. Enjoy.

Caroline Boughton

Thursday, June 21, 2018
Everyone is super friendly. Juneteenth and all their special events shouldn't be missed! The walk along the creek is peaceful but not so secluded that you have to worry about getting lost... perfect for city folk.


Wednesday, May 2, 2018
Surrounded by nature yet near enough to town that food is easily accessible, this monument is an ideal location for field trips, hiking, and photography. With it's live animals, 18th century buildings, and forested path along an old creek, which provide an ambiance that is indisputably relaxing. It's also a fantastic place to learn some History as well.

Michael Fogle

Tuesday, June 19, 2018
Very nice museum run by the VA Park Service. Walks you through the life and times of Booker T. from his childhood as a slave, freedom, his early education, and his leadership of Tuskegee University. Grounds around the museum are the actual Burrough's plantation that Booker worked along with his mother and two siblings. Burrough's house foundation still can be seen along with several duplicated buildings that were there at the time. Nice nature trail (about 1.5 miles), barn, and animals including horses, sheep, hog, ducks, turkeys, and chickens. Volunteer staff very friendly and very knowledgable.

Sage Goddess

Wednesday, May 9, 2018
First time going too Booker T Washington home place. Very interesting, it's free and a nice place to take the kiddos and learn about American history. I really enjoyed this outing today.

Booker T. Washington National Monument is not affiliated with AmericanTowns Media